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Table 2 Comparison of the intraoperative outcomes between the TESSYS and ZESSYS groups

From: Application of a targeted and quantificational foraminoplasty device in percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy for L5–S1 disc herniation: preliminary clinical outcomes

  TESSYS ZESSYS p value
Puncture time (min) 8.07 ± 3.13 5.29 ± 2.05 < 0.01
Foraminoplasty time (min) 17.18 ± 2.92 12.82 ± 2.52 < 0.01
Fluoroscopy time (s) 34.73 ± 6.86 26.29 ± 5.96 < 0.01
Decompression time (min) 48.96 ± 9.02 45.04 ± 5.65 0.057
Total surgery time (min) 74.21 ± 12.16 63.14 ± 7.76 < 0.01