Skip to main content

Table 5 Groups of pathogens and their respective distribution overall, in FRI and in PFRI. ANAER, anaerobes; CoNS, coagulase-negative staphylococci; ENT, enterococci; FRI, fracture-related infection; GNB, gram-negative bacilli; MSSA, methicillin-sensible S. aureus; MRSA, methicillin-resistant S. aureus; OTH, other (microorganisms); PFRI, possible fracture-related infection; PTC, peri-implant tissue culture; SFC, sonicate fluid culture; STR, streptococci

From: Sonication in the diagnosis of fracture-related infections (FRI)—a retrospective study on 230 retrieved implants

Pathogen Overall (n = 230) FRI (n = 107) PFRI (n = 105)
  SFC (%) PTC (%) SFC (%) PTC (%) SFC (%) PTC (%)
NEGa 100 43.5 126 54.8 10 9.3 17 15.9 72 68.6 91 86.7
CoNS 35 15.2 17 7.4 19 17.8 16 15.0 16 15.2 1 1.0
MSSA 31 13.5 26 11.3 30 28.0 26 24.3 1 1.0 0 .0
MRSA 5 2.2 5 2.2 5 4.7 4 3.7 0 .0 1 1.0
GNB 19 8.3 15 6.5 16 15.0 14 13.1 3 2.9 1 1.0
ENT 5 2.2 3 1.3 5 4.7 2 1.9 0 .0 1 1.0
STR 3 1.3 3 1.3 3 2.8 3 2.8 0 .0 0 .0
ANAER 8 3.5 5 2.2 3 2.8 4 3.7 5 4.8 1 1.0
OTH 10 4.3 6 2.6 4 3.7 3 2.8 6 5.7 3 2.9
POLYb 14 6.1 24 10.4 12 11.2 18 16.8 2 1.9 6 5.7
  230   230   107   107   105   105  
  1. aNEG, culture negative
  2. bPOLY, polymicrobial = detection of two or more pathogens