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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of clinical outcomes and any robot-related complication during the index surgery

From: Do robot-related complications influence 1 year reoperations and other clinical outcomes after robot-assisted lumbar arthrodesis? A multicenter assessment of 320 patients

  All No robot complication Any robot complication P value
Perioperative blood transfusion, # of patients (%) 6 (1.9%) 3 (1.0%) 3 (21.4%) <0.001
Estimated blood loss (mL), mean (SD) 87 (146) 78 (122) 324 (392) <0.001
Robot time (minutes), mean (SD) 28.7 (21.3) 28 (21) 45 (40) 0.357
Operative time (minutes), mean (SD) 126 (92) 124 (90) 171 (146) 0.189
Length of hospital stay (days), mean (SD) 4.8 (1.5) 4.8 (1.5) 5.9 (1.9) 0.019
Any reoperation within 1 year after surgery 11 (3.4%) 10 (3.3%) 1 (7.1%) 0.437