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Table 2 Clinicopathologic features of gassy disc cyst present in the English literature

From: Transforaminal percutaneous endoscopic discectomy for symptomatic gas-filled discal cysts—report of three cases and literature review

  Case Age (years) Gender Site Symptoms Treatment Follow-up (months) Status
Cebeci [7] 1 55 Female L4–L5 Low back pain Unknown Unknown Unknown
Firth [8] 1 70 Male L4–L5 Low back and gluteal pain Surgical excision Unknown Unknown
Jeon [9] 1 76 Male L4–L5 Bilateral lower leg pain Surgery 24 NED
Kakitsubata [10] 4 57
27
73
51
Male
Female
Female
Male
L5–S1
L4–L5
L5–S1
L4–L5
Pain in the right lower extremity
Right lumbar radiculopathy
Pain in the left lower extremity
Pain radiating into the right leg
L5–S1 discectomy
Analgesics and oral steroids
Surgery
Percutaneous needle aspiration
12
14
Unknown
Unknown
NED
NED
Unknown
Unknown
Kang [11] 1 68 Female L5–S1 Lower back and radiating pain Percutaneous needle aspiration 12 NED
Ambesi Impiombato [12] 1 85 Female L5–S1 Left lumbar sciatica CT-guided needle aspiration 6 NED
Cho [13] 1 80 Male L2–L3 Pain in both legs CT-guided aspiration surgery 1–14 Recurred-NED
Yun [14] 2 83
72
Male
Female
L4–L5
L5–S1
Back and left radiating pain
Pain in the left lower extremity
Partial hemilaminectomy
Left L5–S1 discectomy
6
12
NED
NED
Chiu [15] 1 71 Female L3/L4 Low back pain Surgical treatment Unknown Unknown
Kudo [16] 2 51
66
Female
Male
L3/L4
L4–L5
Progressive low back pain
Progressive low back pain
Surgery
Surgery
12
Unknown
NED
Unknown
Qasho [17] 1 55 Male L4–L5 Pain in the left lower limb Surgery 1 NED
Kawaguchi [18] 1 60 Male L3/L4 Low back pain Surgery 12 NED
Harvey [19] 1 61 Male L3/L4 Unremitting right-sided sciatica Cyst excision Unknown Unknown
Firth [8] 1 70 Male L5–S1 Left buttocks pain Surgical excision Unknown Unknown
Fandino [20] 2 48
59
Male
Male
L5–S1
L5–S1
Back pain
Persistent sciatica
Surgery
Surgery
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Lin [21] 1 40 Male L3/L4 Lower back pain Surgery Unknown Unknown
Hidalgo-Ovejero [22] 19 55
56
58
36
36
52
46
44
41
47
58
43
60
47
29
68
45
66
45
Male
Female
Male
Male
Female
Male
Male
Male
Male
Male
Female
Male
Male
Male
Male
Male
Female
Male
Female
L5–S1
L5–S1
L5–S1
L5–S1
L5–S1
L5–S1
L5–S1
L4–L5
L5–S1
L4–L5
L5–S1
L5–S1
L4–L5
L5–S1
L5–S1
L4–L5
L4–L5
L4–L5
L5–S1
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Nonoperative
Nonoperative
Surgery
Surgery
Surgery
Nonoperative
Nonoperative
Nonoperative
Nonoperative
Surgery
Nonoperative
Nonoperative
Nonoperative
Surgery
Surgery
Nonoperative
Nonoperative
Nonoperative
Nonoperative
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Tobback [23] 1 74 Female L4–L5
L5–S1
Back pain Anti-inflammatory medication-
Surgery
36
Unknown
Recurred
Unknown
  1. NED no evidence of disease