Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparisons of WOMAC, mean VAS, SF-12v2, knee ROM, and muscle strength between groups pre and post 8 sessions’ intervention

From: A randomized controlled trial on the effect of focal thermal therapy at acupressure points treating osteoarthritis of the knee

Variables Group Baseline (Mean ± SD) After 8 sessions’ intervention (Mean ± SD) p value
WOMAC Thermal gun Total 52.45 ± 17.76 42.71 ± 16.14 0.02*
Pain 11.11 ± 3.62 9.52 ± 3.50 0.07
Stiffness 4.50 ± 2.06 3.58 ± 1.80 0.06
Function limitation 36.84 ± 13.42 29.61 ± 11.95 0.02*
Heat pack Total 48.39 ± 16.06 47.55 ± 13.74 0.84
Pain 10.05 ± 3.34 9.75 ± 2.97 0.74
Stiffness 3.74 ± 2.04 3.35 ± 1.95 0.49
Function limitation 34.61 ± 11.73 34.45 ± 10.87 0.96
Mean VAS Thermal gun   4.51 ± 2.39 4.12 ± 2.05 0.48
  Heat pack   4.27 ± 2.15 3.85 ± 1.80 0.46
SF-12v2 Thermal gun PCS 29.07 ± 6.36 32.27 ± 5.28 0.04*
   MCS 36.25 ± 9.21 38.55 ± 7.76 0.31
  Heat pack PCS 30.20 ± 8.65 30.38 ± 4.76 0.92
   MCS 35.99 ± 10.56 36.52 ± 7.60 0.86
Knee ROM Thermal gun Extension 14.61 ± 5.82 11.27 ± 4.85 0.01*
   Flexion 111.72 ± 14.62 113.50 ± 12.52 0.59
  Heat pack Extension 11.03 ± 2.80 9.90 ± 1.75 0.07
   Flexion 110.05 ± 14.58 119.50 ± 11.01 0.02*
Muscle strength Thermal gun Quadriceps 4.42 ± 0.36 4.63 ± 0.39 0.02*
   Hamstring 4.66 ± 0.40 4.81 ± 0.31 0.09
  Heat pack Quadriceps 4.67 ± 0.37 4.68 ± 0.41 0.97
   Hamstring 4.88 ± 0.22 4.88 ± 0.28 0.92
  1. * p < 0.05