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Table 4 A survey of complications and radiographic changes after hybrid construction (n = 195)

From: Anterior hybrid construction of multilevel cervical disc disease and spondylotic spinal stenosis: surgical results and factors affecting adjacent segment problems

  n (%)
Operative complications
 Cerebrospinal fluid leakage
 Superficial infection 2 (1.02)
 Screw pull-out & revision 2 (1.02)
 Dysphagia 3 (1.53)
 Hoarseness 9 (4.6)
 Pseudoarthrosis at fusion levels
 Hardware breakage 1 (0.51%)
 Heterotopic ossification 10 (5.12)
Radiographic changes at adjacent segments
 New osteophyte formation 3 (1.53)
 Osteophyte formation 3 (1.53)
 Disc space narrowing 1 (0.51)