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Table 2 Procedures and outcomes in the pre-COVID-19 (PC) and COVID-19 (C) groups

From: The impact of COVID-19 on the management and outcomes of patients with proximal femoral fractures: a multi-centre study of 580 patients

Variable PC (n = 304) C (n = 276) p value
Operation procedure, n (%)
 DHS 75 (24.7) 71 (25.7) 0.770
 Hemiarthroplasty 110 (36.2) 110 (39.9) 0.363
 THR 33 (10.9) 13 (4.7) 0.006
 IM nail 79 (26.0) 55 (19.9) 0.084
 ORIF 0 4 (1.5) 0.035
 CHS 4 (1.3) 8 (2.9) 0.181
 Conservative 3 (1.0) 15 (5.4) 0.002
Time to surgery, h, mean (SD) 34.6 (29.6) 43.7 (34.6) < 0.001
Length of stay, days, mean (SD) 16.6 (10.6) 15.0 (10.6) 0.025
Mortality, n (%) 25 (8.2) 27 (9.8) 0.7456
  1. DHS dynamic hip screw, THR total hip replacement, IM intramedullary, ORIF open reduction internal fixation, CHS cannulated hip screws, SD standard deviation