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Table 3 Association between the level of HEI score and related factors

From: Prevalence and association of anxiety and depression among orthopaedic trauma inpatients: a retrospective analysis of 1994 cases

Variables HEI score ≤ 8 (n (%)) HEI score > 8 (n (%)) p value
Age (years) 48.00 ± 17.44 45.84 ± 17.78 0.172
Gender
 Male 1212 (66.16%) 105 (64.81%) 0.729
 Female 620 (33.84) 57 (35.19%)
Injury Severity Score (ISS) 7.84 ± 4.42 9.54 ± 4.37 < 0.001
Mean pain score at admission (VAS) 6.48 ± 1.25 6.88 ± 1.12 < 0.001
Types of musculoskeletal injuries
 Fracture 1606 (87.67%) 143 (88.27%) 0.708
 Joint dislocation 93 (5.07%) 6 (3.70%)
 Soft tissue injuries 133 (7.26) 13 (8.03)
Marital status
 Married 1481 (80.84%) 14 (8.64%) 0.051
 Unmarried 268 (14.63%) 26 (16.05%)
 Divorced or widowed 83 (4.53%) 122 (75.31%)
Surgery
 Emergency 626 (34.17%) 66 (40.74%) 0.027
 Elective 1161 (63.37%) 88 (54.32%)
 None 45 (2.46%) 8 (4.94%)