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Table 3 Mean difference between pre- and post-operative measures in two groups of differing disease duration

From: Effect of toe exercises and toe grip strength on the treatment of primary metatarsalgia

Values Over 1 year (n = 20) Less than 1 year (n = 36) p
Upright TGS 15.9±26.8 11.3±30.3 0.56
Sitting TGS 9.2±8.6 6.3±15.2 0.35
VAS 1.5±1.19 3±1.5 <0.01
AOFAS score 11.7±10.9 14.1±10.6 0.42
  1. Values are provided as the mean±standard deviation
  2. Abbreviations: TGS toe-grip strength, ex exercise, AOFAS American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society, VAS visual analog scale