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Table 3 Data on time to union, complications, and residual angulation at the fracture site from the included studies

From: Pin vs plate fixation for metacarpal fractures: a meta-analysis

Studies Time to union Complications with the number of patients Residual angulation at the fracture site (degrees)
Pin group Plate group Pin group Plate group Pin group Plate group
Cha et al. [15] NR NR Superficial infection, 1 Extensor lag, 4 0.8 ± 1 0.6 ± 0.1
Dreyfuss et al. [16] 50 (28–286)a days 59 (37–105)a days Work-related fracture, 1 Nil AP, 1 (0–11)
Lateral, 1 (0–9)
AP, 0 Lateral, 0
Vasilakis et al. [17] NR NR Stiffness requiring extensor tenolysis, 1 Non-union, 1
Hardware removal, extensor tenolysis, 1
NR NR
Pandey et al. [18] 3 months 3 months Infection. 1
Malunion, 1
Transient numbness, 1
Transient numbness, 4
Prominent implant and impingement at terminal motion, 4
NR NR
Fujitani et al. [19] NR NR Transient neuritis of the dorsal ulnar nerve, 1
Extensor tendon rupture, 1
Transient neuritis of dorsal ulnar nerve, 1 Palmar tilt, 16 (NR)
Lateral tilt, 16 (NR)
Palmar tilt, 10 (NR)
Lateral tilt, 10 (NR)
Ozer et al. [20] 5.4 (4–8) weeks 5.2 (4–7) weeks Loss of reduction, 5
Hardware removal, 15
Hardware removal, 2 AP, 2(0–10)
Lateral, 8 (0–25)
AP, 0
Lateral, 0
Facca et al. [21] NR NR Wire migration. 3
Neurological lesions. 3
Aesthetic blemish due to callus. 1
Hardware removal. 3
Delayed consolidation. 2
Instability of site. 1
NR NR
Gupta et al. [22] NR NR NR NR NR NR
Takigami et al. [23] 1.6 ± 0.6a months 2.6 ± 1.6a months Superficial infection, 1
Soreness of pin site, 4
Screw breakage, 3
Screw loosening, 2
NR NR
  1. Data on time to union and residual angulation at fracture site presented as mean (range) or mean ± standard deviation
  2. AP anteroposterior, NR not reported
  3. sStatistical significant difference reported between the two groups