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Table 4 Comparison of carpal alignment correction in arthroscopic and open bone grafting in the literature

From: Wrist function recovery course in patients with scaphoid nonunion treated with combined volar bone grafting and a dorsal antegrade headless screw

  SALa (mm) LISAb (°) SLAc (°) RLAd (°) CHRe
Pref Postg Pref Postg Pref Postg Pref Postg Pref Postg
Arthroscopic bone graft
 Kim JP [26] 26.5 27.3 42.8 33.5 59.3 51.6 NSDh    
 Delgado [28]      67.7 47 30.8 4   
 Oh-A* [25]    33 26.5 53.3 45.9 7.5 5.2 0.64 0.59
Open bone graft
 Oh-O# [25]    39.2 22.6 58.9 46.8 8.8 4.8 0.65 0.55
 Mani [31]      49.6 36.2    0.66 0.6
 Dustmann [32]      65 55     
 Han [33] 22 26 40 32 61 56     
 Kim JK [34]    55 35    11.5 5.26 0.72 0.65
 Kim J [35]      62 56    0.6 0.57
  1. A* arthroscopy cancellous bone graft; O# open volar cancellous bone graft; SALa scaphoid axial length; LISAb lateral intrascaphoid angle; SLAc, scapholunate angle; RLAd radiolunate angle; CHRe, carpal height ratio; Pref preoperative degree; Postg postoperative degree; NSDh no significant difference