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Table 3 Perioperative glucose levels of patients with revision surgery

From: Fluctuation of fasting blood glucose in patients who underwent primary or revision total joint arthroplasty: a retrospective review

Day Cases (n) Glucose level (mg/dL) CV (%)b
Mean ± SD Median Range Normala (< 100 mg/dL) Elevateda (100-126 mg/dL) Stricta (> 126 mg/dL) Intermediatea (> 137 mg/dL) Lenienta (> 180 mg/dL)
Total
 PRD 66 94 ± 28 86 65-265 50 (75.8%) 11 (16.7%) 5 (7.6%) 3 (4.5%) 1 (1.5%)  
 POD1 53 132 ± 50 121 76-337 13 (24.5%) 14 (26.4%) 26 (49.1%) 16 (30.2%) 6 (11.3%) 8.82
 POD2 17 110 ± 39 101 68-194 7 (41.2%) 6 (35.3%) 4 (23.5%) 4 (23.5%) 1 (5.9%)
 POD3 16 107 ± 26 102 77-184 8 (50.0%) 6 (37.5%) 2 (12.5%) 1 (6.2%) 1 (6.2%)
 POD4 15 108 ± 33 92 74-180 9 (60.0%) 3 (20.0%) 3 (20.0%) 3 (20.0%) 1 (6.7%)
 POD5 11 116 ± 56 97 65-230 6 (54.5%) 3 (27.3%) 2 (18.2%) 2 (18.2%) 2 (18.2%)
 POD6 8 126 ± 46 109 77-189 4 (50.0%) 1 (12.5%) 3 (37.5%) 3 (37.5%) 2 (25.0%)
Diabetic
 PRD 14 117 ± 51 104 70-265 6 (42.9%) 3 (21.4%) 5 (35.7%) 3 (21.4%) 1 (7.1%)  
 POD1 11 176 ± 72 158 108-337 0 (0.0%) 2 (18.2%) 9 (81.8%) 7 (63.6%) 3 (27.3%) 15.31
 POD2 4 148 ± 54 163 70-194 1 (25.0%) 0 (0.0%) 3 (75.0%) 3 (75.0%) 1 (25.0%)
 POD3 6 111 ± 12 113 90-122 1 (16.7%) 5 (83.3%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
 POD4 4 148 ± 39 160 92-180 1 (25.0%) 0 (0.0%) 3 (75.0%) 3 (75.0%) 1 (25.0%)
 POD5 4 168 ± 65 171 101-230 0 (0.0%) 2 (50.0%) 2 (50.0%) 2 (50.0%) 2 (50.0%)
 POD6 4 163 ± 32 171 122-189 0 (0.0%) 1 (25.0%) 3 (75.0%) 3 (75.0%) 2 (50.0%)
Non-diabetic
 PRD 52 88 ± 12 86 65-121 44 (84.6%) 8 (15.4%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)  
 POD1 42 121 ± 36 111 76-281 13 (31.0%) 12 (28.6%) 17 (40.5%) 9 (21.4%) 3 (7.1%) 12.83
 POD2 13 99 ± 27 101 68-176 6 (46.2%) 6 (46.2%) 1 (7.7%) 1 (7.7%) 0 (0.0%)
 POD3 10 104 ± 32 88 77-184 7 (70.0%) 1 (10.0%) 2 (20.0%) 1 (10.0%) 1 (10.0%)
 POD4 11 93 ± 15 90 74-119 8 (72.7%) 3 (27.3%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
 POD5 7 87 ± 15 85 65-112 6 (85.7%) 1 (14.3%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
 POD6 4 88 ± 8 89 77-95 4 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
  1. PRD pre-operative day, POD post-operative day, SD standard deviation
  2. aData are presented as the number (percentage) of measurement
  3. bPost-operative glycemic variability was assessed using a coefficient of variation (the ratio of the standard deviation to the mean glucose level)