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Table 1 General characteristic of the included studies

From: Efficacy of proprioceptive training on the recovery of total joint arthroplasty patients: a meta-analysis

Author Participants No. of patients Mean age (year) Female patients (%) Study Intervention Comparison Outcomes
Jogi et al. [12] TKA and THA 54 66.4 33.0 RCT Strengthening and ROM exercise + 3 balance exercises Strengthening and ROM exercise SRF: WOMAC
B: ASBC BBS, TUG
Bitterli et al. [15] THA 80 66.8 38.8 RCT Sensorimotor training No intervention SRF: SF-36, WOMAC
Qol: SF-36
B: Biodex Balance System
Gstoettner et al. [16] TKA 38 69.6 78.9 RCT Warm-up, stretching and balance exercises No intervention SRF: WOMAC, KSS
B: Biodex Balance
System
P: WOMAC
O: walking 60 m, stairs up
Huber et al. [17] TKA 45 70.3 46.6 RCT NEMEX program + knee school Knee school SRF: KOSS
B: TUG, Chair Stand Test
KF:ROM
P: VAS
Liao et al. [18] TKA 113 72.1 35.4 RCT Standard RHB + balance training Usual RHB SRF: WOMAC
B: SLSB, FRT, TUG
O:10MWT,30s timed chair stand test, climb stairs
Piva et al. [19] TKA 35 68.4 71.4 RCT Standard RHB + balance exercise Standard program SRF: WOMAC, LEFS
B: SLSB
P: VAS, WOMAC
O: Gait speed, get up test
Roig-Casasús et al. [20] TKA 37 73.4 67.5 RCT Standard RHB + 20’ of dynamometric platform exercise Usual RHB B: BBS, TUG, FRT, Platform measures
Villadsen et al. [21] TKA and THA 165 67.4 55.7 RCT NEMEX program + educational package Educational package SRF: KOOS, HOOS
B: 5 times “get up”
P: VAS
Qol: EQOL-5D
O: 20MWT, KF in 30’
  1. TKA total knee arthroplasty, THA total hip arthroplasty, RCT randomized controlled trials, SRF self-reported functionality, B balance, P pain, KF knee function, O other outcomes, RHB rehabilitation, SLSB single leg standing balance, FRT Functional Reach Test, TUG Time Up and Go, WOMAC Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis, LEFS Lower Extremity functional Scale, VAS visual analog scale, ROM range of movement, BBS Berg Balance Scale, ABC activities specific balance scale, KSS Knee Society Score, KOOS Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Score, EQOL Euro Quality of Life 5 Dimensions, MWT minutes-meters walking test