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Table 2 Comparison of clinical data of patients between the free vascularized fibular graft and IIizarov bone transport groups

From: Treatment options for infected bone defects in the lower extremities: free vascularized fibular graft or Ilizarov bone transport?

Variables Free vascularized fibular graft group IIizarov bone transport group P value
n 23 43 /
Gender
  Male 16 28 0.467
  Female 7 15
Age 36.13 ± 12.61 (years) 37.35 ± 13.20 (years) 0.747
Cause of injury
  Traffic accident injury 14 29 0.791
  Falling injury 5 9
  Crush injury 4 5
Gustilo grade
  Closed fracture 2 3 0.908
  Gustilo grade I 3 4
  Gustilo grade II 4 6
  Gustilo grade III 14 30
Number of complicated injuries in other parts of the affected extremity 6 11 0.964
Number of femoral/tibial defect cases 5/18 11/32 0.729
Femoral/tibial defect and infection site
  Shaft 12 32 0.068
  Metaphysis (the distance between lesions and joint surface is ≤ 3 cm) 11 11
Femoral/tibial defect length after debridement (including longitudinal defects) (cm) 9.96 ± 2.27 8.74 ± 2.52 0.014
Management of different types of soft-tissue defects
  Minor wounds can be repaired by direct suture, skin grafting and local flap transfer. 7 27 0.031
  Moderate wounds can be repaired by free vascularized fibular graft with flap or open Ilizarov bone transport. 12 10
  Major wounds require simultaneous or staged free flap graft. 4 6