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Table 1 Complications are categorized according to the method of El-Gammal et al. with slight modifications

From: Treatment options for infected bone defects in the lower extremities: free vascularized fibular graft or Ilizarov bone transport?

Complications Free vascularized fibular graft IIizarov bone transport
Minor Superficial infection, Superficial infection,
Bony malunion, Bony malunion,
Grades I and II pin tract reaction, Grades I and II pin tract reaction,
Temporary joint stiffness Temporary joint stiffness,
  Mechanical line deviation during bone
  transport,
  Delayed union of bone contract ends
Moderate Flap vascular crisis, Grade III nail tract reaction,
Grade III nail tract reaction, Severe mechanical line deviation,
Severe mechanical line deviation, Bony nonunion,
Bony nonunion, Re-fracture,
Re-fracture, Osteomyelitis recurrence,
Osteomyelitis recurrence Malreduction at docking site
Major Severe joint stiffness, Severe joint stiffness,
Limb shortening, Limb shortening,
Final mechanical line deviation Final mechanical line deviation
  1. Complications in each group were divided into minor, moderate, and major categories. Minor complications are the complications that require no operative treatment (e.g., pin tract infection). Moderate complications are the complications that require operative treatment (e.g., nonunion). Major complications are the residual complications that could not be corrected (e.g., residual shortening and joint contracture)