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Table 2 Sample mean (standard deviation) under different experimental conditions

From: Wrist movements induce torque and lever force in the scaphoid: an ex vivo study

Dir. y_name ROM unloaded,no k-wire unloaded,k-wire loaded,no k-wire loaded,k-wire Wire difference Wire P Wire P-adjusted Loading difference Loading P Loading P-adjusted Interaction P
F Torque 20 3.9 (3.4) 5.6 (5) 11.5 (9.6) 12.2 (8.7) 1.2 [− 2.3, 4.7] 0.4897 1 7.1 [3.5, 10.6] 0.0004 0.0172 0.769
F Torque 50 11.9 (12.2) 11.2 (10.9) 15.8 (10.3) 21 (15.2) 2.2 [− 5.7, 10.1] 0.5622 1 6.8 [− 1.1, 14.7] 0.0885 1 0.4487
F Torque 80 33.9 (28.9) 20.4 (24.6) 41 (26.7) 39.7 (27.2) − 7.4 [− 23. 7,8.9] 0.3545 1 13.2 [− 3.1, 29.5] 0.1063 1 0.4455
F Force 20 0.5 (0.3) 1 (0.9) 1.7 (0.9) 2.2 (1.9) 0.5 [− 0.3, 1.2] 0.1968 1 1.2 [0.5, 1.9] 0.0025 0.0733 0.9217
F Force 50 1.5 (1.4) 1.5 (1.3) 4.4 (2.3) 3 (2) − 0.7 [− 1.9, 0.5] 0.2383 1 2.2 [0.9, 3.4] 0.0013 0.046 0.2338
F Force 80 5.3 (3.6) 2.5 (2.2) 8.1 (2.8) 4.4 (3.2) − 3.3 [− 5.5, − 1.1] 0.005 0,1354 2.4 [0.2, 4.5] 0.0364 0.8744 0.6817
E Torque 20 5.2 (3.6) 3.6 (2.4) 12.3 (7.2) 14.4 (12.2) 0.3 [− 4.4, 5] 0.8936 1 9 [4.3, 13.6] 0.0007 0.0249 0.424
E Torque 50 6.1 (5.4) 10.5 (7.9) 22.1 (17.7) 35.7 (27.5) 9 [− 2.4, 20.4] 0.1152 1 20.6 [9.2, 32] 0.0012 0.0421 0.4081
E Torque 80 22 (18.9) 15.8 (11) 49.6 (25.1) 40.4 (40.7) − 7.7 [− 23.4, 8] 0.3187 1 26.1 [10.4, 41.8] 0.0024 0.0733 0.8482
E Force 20 0.4 (0.2) 0.7 (0.5) 1.8 (1.4) 2.3 (1.4) 0.4 [− 0.3, 1.1] 0.2589 1 1.5 [0.8, 2.1] 0.0002 0.008 0.7418
E Force 50 0.7 (0.4) 1.1 (0.8) 2.4 (1.5) 3.5 (2.3) 0.7 [− 0.2, 1.7] 0.1224 1 2.1 [1.1, 3] 0.0002 0.0075 0.4606
E Force 80 1.9 (1) 1.9 (1) 3.5 (0.9) 5.1 (3.8) 0.8 [− 0.7, 2.2] 0.2846 1 2.4 [1, 3.8] 0.0024 0.0733 0.2684
R Torque 20 2.2 (0.8) 5 (4.1) 12.8 (3.1) 9.4 (7.5) − 0.3 [− 3.6, 2.9] 0.8268 1 7.5 [4.3, 10.7] 0.0001 0.0037 0.06
R Torque 50 17.6 (16.8) 10.6 (7.4) 26.9 (22.1) 17.3 (9.2) − 8.3 [− 16.7, 0.1] 0.0525 1 8 [− 0.4, 16.4] 0.0612 1 0.7464
R Torque 80 52.2 (36.3) 22 (17.5) 52.4 (45.5) 26.1 (20.1) − 28.2 [− 44.2, − 12.2] 0.0014 0,0485 2.2 [− 13.8, 18.1] 0.7813 1 0.8025
R Force 20 0.3 (0.2) 0.8 (0.5) 1.2 (0.8) 1.8 (1) 0.6 [0.1, 1.1] 0.0287 0,7309 0.9 [0.4, 1.4] 0.0009 0.0328 0.8028
R Force 50 1 (0.5) 1.8 (1.2) 3.3 (1.5) 4.8 (3) 1.2 [− 0.1, 2.4] 0.0605 1 2.7 [1.4, 3.9] 0.0002 0.0094 0.5397
R Force 80 2.9 (1.7) 3 (1.8) 5.6 (2) 7.3 (4.1) 0.9 [− 0.8, 2.6] 0.2778 1 3.5 [1.8, 5.2] 0.0003 0.0115 0.3612
U Torque 20 2.3 (1.3) 4.5 (3.4) 11.1 (6.9) 8.6 (7.3) − 0.2 [− 4.1, 3.8] 0.9263 1 6.4 [2.5, 10.4] 0.0026 0.0738 0.2287
U Torque 50 2.2 (0.6) 5.2 (2.8) 15.3 (11.5) 25.4 (14.1) 6.6 [0.8, 12.4] 0.0281 0,7309 16.6 [10.8, 22.4] 0 0.0003 0.2177
U Torque 80 4.7 (6.1) 8.8 (3.1) 23.6 (16) 33.5 (21) 7.1 [− 2.1, 16.2] 0.1246 1 21.8 [12.6, 31] 0.0001 0.0031 0.5212
U Force 20 0.3 (0.2) 0.7 (0.6) 1.5 (0.6) 2.5 (0.7) 0.7 [0.3, 1.1] 0.0018 0,0569 1.4 [1, 1.8] 0 0 0.139
U Force 50 0.5 (0.3) 1.2 (1.2) 3 (1.9) 4.3 (1.8) 1 [− 0.1, 2] 0.0783 1 2.8 [1.7, 3.9] 0 0.001 0.5976
U Force 80 0.6 (0.6) 2.9 (2.7) 4.7 (2.2) 4.9 (3) 1.2 [− 0.5, 2.9] 0.165 1 3 [1.3, 4.7] 0.0015 0.0495 0.2301
  1. The column “Wire difference” shows the mean differences [95% confidence intervals] between measurements with and without K-wire, averaged over measurements with and without wrist loading. Similarly, the column “Loading difference” shows the mean differences [95% confidence intervals] between measurements with and without wrist loading, both averaged over measurements with and without K-wire. The two stages of one factor were averaged across both stages of the other factor. P values correspond to tests of the true mean differences being zero. Multiplicity-adjusted P values were calculated using the Bonferroni–Holm method across all tests for mean differences. The column “Interaction P” contains P values for the test of the null hypothesis, which was that the mean difference between the stages of one factor will be identical in both stages of the other factor
  2. Dir direction, F flexion, E extension, R radialduction, U ulnarduction