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Table 2 Foot joint motion of three planes during simulated gait

From: In vitro study of foot bone kinematics via a custom-made cadaveric gait simulator

Anatomical joint rotation angel (°) Data source Sagittal plane average ROM ± SD Coronal plane average ROM ± SD Transverse plane average ROM ± SD
Nav-Medcunif Simulated results 7.4 ± 3.8 6.6 ± 2.0 5.4 ± 2.6
Medcunif-Met1 Simulated results 4.0 ± 1.5 6.6 ± 3.4 4.8 ± 2.3
Calc-Cub Simulated results 6.7 ± 4.0 9.9 ± 4.7 7.5 ± 3.8
Cub-Nav Simulated results 4.7 ± 1.8 6.1 ± 1.8 6.9 ± 0.7
Cub-Met5 Simulated results 9.1 ± 3.6 7.2 ± 2.5 6.8 ± 2.3
Calc-Tibia Simulated results 27.1 ± 1.8 7.0 ± 1.6 8.2 ± 3.0
  1. Nav navicular, Medcunf medial cuneiform, Met1 the first metatarsal, Calc calcaneus, Cub cuboid, Met5 the fifth metatarsal