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Table 1 Demographics and clinical data in standard and pandemic conditions

From: Italy and COVID-19: the changing patient flow in an orthopedic trauma center emergency department

  NG PG Absolute variation Relative variation
Sex: N (%) Male 1323 (51.7) 297 (44.3) − 77.5% − 7.4%
Female 1235 (48.3) 373 (55.7) − 69.5% 7.4%
Age: mean ± SD (years) 41.2 ± 23.5 [0, 98] 56.3 ± 23.9 [0, 99] 36.7% -
ED stay ± SD (min) 146 ± 63 [2, 839] 106 ± 140 [5, 180] − 27.4% -
Pediatric patients (%) 633 (24.7) 62 (9.2) − 90.2% − 15.5%
Chest radiographs (%) 145 (5.7) 180 (26.9) 24.1% 21.2%
Diagnosis (%) Clavicle fractures 13 (0.5) 5 (0.7) − 61.5% 0.2%
Proximal humeral fractures 30 (1.2) 25 (3.7) − 16.7% 2.5%
Humeral shaft fractures 2 (0.1) 8 (1.2) 300% 1.1%
Elbow fractures 45 (1.7) 14 (2.1) − 68.9% 0.4%
Wrist and hand fractures 202 (7.9) 73 (10.9) − 63.9% 3%
Vertebral fractures 15 (0.6) 6 (0.9) − 60% 0.3%
Proximal femoral fractures 38 (1.5) 114 (17.0) 200% 15.5%
Other femoral fractures 6 (0.2) 9 (1.4) 50% 1.2%
Patellar fractures 15 (0.6) 5 (0.7) − 66.7% 0.1%
Tibia fractures 27 (1.1) 12 (1.8) − 44.4% 0.7%
Foot and ankle fractures 161 (6.3) 59 (8.8) − 63.4% 2.5%
Pneumonia 3 (0.1) 14 (2.1) 366.7% 2%
Other 2001 (78.2) 336 (48.7) − 83.2% − 29.5%
Total 2558 670 − 73.8%  
  1. SD standard deviation, NG non-pandemic group (2019), PG pandemic group (2020)