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Table 4 Loading information of included studies with composite specimens

From: Comparisons of the surface micromotions of cementless femoral prosthesis in the horizontal and vertical levels: a network analysis of biomechanical studies

Author, year Material testing machine Detect Jig Loading information Test cycles
Action simulated Load force Femur orientation
Viceconti 2000 [32] NR 5 LVDTs SC Vertical load 1700 N NR 20
Viceconti 2001 [31] NR 4 LVDTs SC Vertical load 1700 N NR 20
Heller 2005 [27] Dynamic testing machine (Instron 8871) LVDTs SC 2348 N; frequency (0.25 Hz) 10° adduction, 6° flexion 100
Kassi 2005 [28] Dynamic servo-hydraulic testing machine (Instron 8871) Force sensors, LVDTs Walking, SLS, SC Vertical load 1000 N; frequency (0.25 Hz); loaded with 50% and 75% of the computed peak loads, corresponding to a computed joint force of 1062 N/1174 N (walking/stair climbing) and 1593 N/1761 N 8° adduction, 1° flexion; 10° adduction, 6°flexion; only load a hip contact force, simulating stair climbing 100
Fottner 2009 [1, 26] Hydraulic material testing device 6 LVDTs Walking Vertical load 100–1700 N (70 kg); frequency (1 Hz) 16° adduction, 9° posterior tilt 30
Fottner 2011 [2, 25] Zwick/Z010 6 LVDT sensors Walking Vertical load 100–1700 N (70 kg); frequency (0.5 Hz) 16° adduction, 9° posterior tilt 30
Tuncay 2016 [30] MTS 858 Mini Bionix II NR SLS Vertical load 100–1000 N with a velocity of 50 N/s; 1000 N at 3 Hz for 10,000 cycles; torsional moment 0.5–10 Nm; frequency (3 Hz) 16° valgus tilt 10000
Fottner 2017 [14] ElectroPuls E10000, Instron, Norwood, USA 6 LVDT sensors Walking Vertical load 300–1700 N (70 kg); frequency (1 Hz) 16° adduction, 9° posterior tilt 100
Schmidutz 2017 [29] Hydraulic testing device 6 LVDT sensors, 6 strain gauges Walking Axial force of 250–1416.1 N (70 kg); frequency (1 Hz) 16° adduction, 9° posterior tilt 20
Yan 2017 [33] Hydraulic testing device 6 LVDT sensors Walking Vertical load 100–1700 N (70 kg); frequency (1 Hz) 16° adduction, 9° posterior tilt 600
  1. SLS single-leg stance, SC stair climbing, NR not reported