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Table 2 Loading information of included studies with cadaver specimens

From: Comparisons of the surface micromotions of cementless femoral prosthesis in the horizontal and vertical levels: a network analysis of biomechanical studies

Author, year Material testing machine Testing jig Loading information
Action simulated Anatomical features simulated Load force Femur orientation Test cycles
Gotze 2002 [20] Zwick, Typ 1454, Einsingen, Germany 6 LVDTs NR NR Vertical force 200–2000 N, 0.5 Hz 8° valgus, 6° flexion 1
Klestil 2006 [21] Bionics 851.2, MTS NR NR Acetabulum 50–2100 N; frequency (2 Hz) 10° flexion, 10° adduction 50000
Abdul-Kadir 2008 [17] Instron 5565, Instron Corp., Canton, MA, USA 2 LVDTs NR NR 5000 N load cell with at a rate of 1 KN/min; maximum load of 2000 N Long axis coaxial to load direction 50
Pettersen 2009 [23] MTS 858 Minibionix II, MTS Systems Corporation, Eden Prairie, MN, USA 6 LVDTs SLS, SC Abductor muscles, acetabulum Vertical load 600 N (74 Kg BW); torsional moment 13.5 Nm (1.82%BW) 12° valgus tilt 50
Østbyhaug 2010 [22] MTS 858 Minibionix II, MTS Systems Corporation, Eden Prairie, MN, USA 6 LVDTs SLS, SC Abductor muscles, acetabulum Vertical load 600 N (74 Kg BW); torsional moment 15 Nm 12° valgus tilt 50
Wik 2011 [24] MTS 858 MiniBionix II, MTS Systems Corporation, Eden Prairie, MN, USA 3 LVDTs SLS, SC Abductor muscles, acetabulum Vertical force 600 N; torsional moment 13.8 Nm; for the strain measurement, torsional moment 10.0 Nm 12° valgus tilt 10S
Bieger 2012 [18] Servo hydraulic machine, instron, Typ 8871, Pfungstadt, Germany 6 LVDTs SLS Acetabulum 1 Hz for first 4000 cycles; 0–1000 cycles 100–400 N; 1000–2000 cycles 100–800 N; 2000–3000 cycles 100–1200 N; 3000–4000 cycles 100–1600 N (250%BW); 2 Hz for 96,000 cycles with 100–1600 N 8° valgus, 6° flexion 250; 500
Bieger 2013 [19] Instron, Typ 8871, Pfungstadt, Germany 6 LVDTs SLS NR Vertical load 100–1600 N; frequency (2 Hz) 8° valgus, 6° flexion 500
Østbyhaug 2013 [15] MTS 858 Minibionix II, MTS Systems Corporation, Eden Prairie, MN, USA 6 LVDTs SLS, SC Abductor muscles, acetabulum Vertical load 600 N (73 Kg BW); torsional moment 15 Nm 12° valgus tilt 500
Bieger 2016 [13] Instron, Typ 8871, Pfungstadt, Germany 6 LVDTs SLS NR Vertical load 100–1600 N (250%BW); frequency (2 Hz) 8° valgus, 6° flexion 40 K, 100 K
  1. SLS single-leg stance, SC stair climbing, BW body weight, NR not reported