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Table 1 Specimen and implant information of included studies with cadaver specimens

From: Comparisons of the surface micromotions of cementless femoral prosthesis in the horizontal and vertical levels: a network analysis of biomechanical studies

Author, year Country Specimen information The Position of femoral osteotomy Subjects Implant information
Femurs Donors Mean age (range) Brand Coating Characteristics
Gotze 2002 [20] Germany 7R, 7 L F 1, M 6 57.0 (39–78) 37 cm proximal to the condyles 7 Adaptiva Customized reamer 12/14 taper; TiAl6V4 alloy
7 Alloclassic SL stem Grit-blasted surface 12/14 taper; TiAl6V4 alloy
Klestil 2006 [21] Austria 7R, 7 L 4F¸ 3 M 74.4 (63–88) Femora was cut to a length of 25 cm 10 Endo SL stem Ø 50 mm, CoCr head NR
10 FMT stem Ø 28 mm, CoCr head
Abdul-Kadir 2008 [17] USA 4 NR NR 25 cm below the lesser trochanter 4 Alloclassic hip stem Full with a grit-blasted surface NR
Pettersen 2009 [23] Norway 6R, 6 L F 3, M 3 61.0 (49–74) 25 cm below the greater trochanter 10 Summit TM straight stem Dual coated with porocoat and HA as well as grit-blasted distally Straight titanium stem
Østbyhaug 2010 [22] Norway 10R, 10 L F 1, M 9 51.6 (27–68) 25 cm below the greater trochanter 10 ABG-I anatomical stem Proximal 1/3 of stem coated with 50 μm HA; Distal 2/3 is non-polished Titanium alloy Ti6Al4V
10 Unique customized stem Proximal 2/3 coated with 50 μm HA; distal 1/3 is polished and downscaled
Wik 2011 [24] Norway 10R, 10 L F 3, M 7 57.8 (44–71) 25 cm below the greater trochanter 10 Summit TM straight stem Dual coated with porocoat and HA as well as grit-blasted distally Straight titanium stem
Bieger 2012 [18] Germany 11R, 11 L 4F, 8 M 60.4 (31–78) 37 cm below the greater trochanter 6 Fitmore short stem Proximal 1/2 coated with plasma Tapered design; trapezoidal cross-section
10 CLS Spotorno stem Full grit-blasted surface Double-tapered design; straight collarless; rectangular cross-section; Size 13
6 Mayo conservative short stem Aluminum oxide roughed surface Wedge-shaped; double-tapered design
Bieger 2013 [19] Germany 9R, 9 L 7F, 2 M 53.5 (25–5x) 37 cm below the greater trochanter 9 CBC straight stem Full with a corundum-blasted surface; Proximal part with prism-shaped ribs Titanium alloy; double-tapered design
9 Optimys short stem Proximal part coated with titanium plasma-sprayed surface; distal tip is polished Titanium alloy; triple-trapered design
Østbyhaug 2013 [15] Norway 6R, 6 L F 1, M 5 52.4 (48–61) 25 cm below the greater trochanter 10 ABG-I anatomical stem Proximal 1/3 coated with 50 μm HA; distal 2/3 is non-polished Titanium alloy Ti6Al4V
10 -10
10 -20
10 -30
10 -40
10 -50
Bieger 2016 [19] Germany 6R, 6 L 3F, 3 M 38.0 (19–52) 37 cm below the greater trochanter 6 CBH straight stem Proximal wing-shaped shoulder; rough-blasted Zweymüller-type stem; rectangular cross-section; tapered design
6 CBH bone-preserving stem Rough-blasted; proximal lateral was reduced; the tip was flattened Titanium alloy; rectangular cross-section; tapered design
  1. HA hydroxyapatite, F female, M male, L left, R right, NR not reported