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Table 2 Short-term outcomes and complications in short and standard LOS groups

From: A propensity score-matched analysis comparing outpatient and short-stay hospitalization to standard inpatient hospitalization following total ankle arthroplasty

  LOS ≤ 1 day (n = 562) LOS > 1 day (n = 579) p
Non-home discharge 1.4% (8/562) 14.5% (84/579) < 0.001*
Mortality 0.5% (3/562) 0.0% (0/579) 0.119
Return to OR 0.2% (1/562) 1.0% (6/579) 0.124
Readmission 0.5% (3/562) 1.4% (8/579) 0.225
Reoperation 0.2% (1/562) 0.4% (2/579) > 0.999
Operative complications
Overalla 0.4% (2/562) 2.1% (12/579) 0.013*
 Surgical site infection 0.2% (1/562) 1.0% (6/579) 0.124
 Dehiscence 0.0% (0/562) 0.5% (3/579) 0.250
Bleeding requiring transfusion 0.2% (1/562) 0.9% (5/579) 0.218
Medical complications
 Overalla 0.4% (2/562) 2.1% (12/579) 0.013*
 Wound Infection 0.0% (0/562) 0.2% (1/579) > 0.999
 Pneumonia 0.2% (1/562) 0.2% (1/579) > 0.999
 Reintubation 0.0% (0/562) 0.2% (1/579) > 0.999
 Failure to wean intubation 0.0% (0/562) 0.0% (0/579)
 Pulmonary embolism 0.4% (2/562) 0.0% (0/579) 0.242
 Renal insufficiency 0.0% (0/562) 0.0% (0/579)
 Renal failure 0.0% (0/562) 0.0% (0/579)
 Urinary tract infection 0.0% (0/562) 1.4% (8/579) 0.015*
 Cerebrovascular accident 0.0% (0/562) 0.0% (0/579)
 Cardiac arrest 0.0% (0/562) 0.0% (0/579)
 Myocardial infarction 0.0% (0/562) 0.2% (1/579) > 0.999
 Deep venous thromboembolism 0.2% (1/562) 0.3% (2/579) > 0.999
 Systemic sepsis 0.2% (1/562) 0.0% (0/579) 0.493
 Septic shock 0.0% (0/562) 0.0% (0/579)
  1. * indicates statistical significance (p < 0.05)
  2. aThe overall percentages may not equal the sum of the individual percentages, because some patients had multiple operative or medical complications