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Table 2 Anterior tibial translation, valgus tibial rotation, internal tibial rotation, and in situ force in the ACL obtained from robotic testing and finite element model under the loading condition (i) 134 N anterior tibial load; (ii) 10 Nm valgus tibial moment; (iii) 10 Nm internal tibial moment at a joint flexion angle of 30°

From: A novel protection liner to improve graft-tunnel interaction following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a finite element analysis

  134 N Anterior tibial load 10 Nm valgus tibial moment 10 Nm internal tibial moment
Anterior tibial translation (mm) In situ force in the ACL (N) Valgus tibial rotation (°) In situ force in the ACL (N) Internal tibial rotation (°) In situ force in the ACL (N)
Experimental (robotic) 5.1 124 5 42 22 ± 3 41 ± 21
Computational (finite element) 5.2 123 4 41 19 62