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Table 2 One-year clinical and functional outcomes

From: Treating AO/OTA 44B lateral malleolar fracture in patients over 50 years of age: periarticular locking plate versus non-locking plate

 PLPTPp
 (n = 34)(n = 38) 
Time to union (months)5.0 ± 1.84.9 ± 1.80.742a
Union rate [n (%)]34 (100%)38 (100%)1.000b
FAOS subscale at 1 year
 Pain (0–100)91.3 ± 7.086.1 ± 5.8< 0.001a***
 Symptom (0–100)81.9 ± 9.976.7 ± 12.80.036a*
 ADL (0–100)94.7 ± 4.789.6 ± 5.5< 0.001a***
 Sports (0–100)85.6 ± 8.080.9 ± 9.90.040a*
 QoL (0–100)77.6 ± 10.470.4 ± 9.80.005a**
 Total scores (0–500)431.1 ± 31.2403.7 ± 38.10.002a**
VAS at 1 year (0–10)1.2 ± 0.92.3 ± 1.2< 0.001a***
Complications
 Delayed wound healing (n)2/342/381.000b
 Superficial infection (n)1/341/381.000b
 Deep infection (n)0/340/381.000b
 Others (n)0/340/381.000b
Implant removal rate6/3416/380.039b*
  1. aMann-Whitney U test, bFisher’s exact test, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001