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Table 5 Cement leakage and complications according to volume of cement injected

From: Risk factors of neurological deficit and pulmonary cement embolism after percutaneous vertebroplasty

Volume of cement injected< 3.5 cc
(n = 320)
3.5–7.0 cc
(n = 2821)
> 7.0 cc
(n = 671)
P value
Cement leakage
B type22 (6.8%)310 (11%)87 (12.9%)p > 0.05
S type9 (2.8%)81 (2.9%)63 (9.4%)p < 0.01
C type- paraspinal64 (20%)790 (28%)99 (14.8%)p > 0.05
C type- intradiscal75 (23.4%)730 (25.8%)186 (27.7%)p > 0.05
C type- posterior2 (0.62%)19 (0.67%)5 (0.74%)p > 0.05
Clinical complication
Neurological deficit0 (0%)3 (0.11%)1 (0.15%)p > 0.05
Pulmonary embolism0 (0%)3 (0.11%)6 (0.9%)p < 0.01