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Table 2 Clinical outcomes of included studies

From: The efficacy and safety of core decompression for the treatment of femoral head necrosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Year Therapies Hips Hips to THA Hips with RP Staging methods Complications Follow-up (month)
Gangji 2011 Control: CD
Trial: CD+Marrow
Control: 11
Trial: 13
Control: 3
Trial: 2
Control: 8
Trial: 3
ARCO Pain: 4
Infection: 1
60
Zhao 2012 Control: CD
Trial: CD+Marrow
Control: 44
Trial: 53
Control: 5
Trial: 2
Control: 10
Trial: 2
ARCO None 60
Pepke 2016 Control: CD
Trial: CD+Marrow
Control: 14
Trial: 11
Control: 6
Trial: 4
Control: 6
Trial: 4
ARCO NA 24
Zhang HJ 2010 Control: CD
Trial: CD+Marrow
Control: 15
Trial: 24
NA Control: 2
Trial: 1
ARCO None 18
Zhuo NQ 2012 Control: CD
Trial: CD+A.B
Control: 12
Trial: 21
Control: 4
Trial: 1
Control: 4
Trial: 1
Ficat None 30
Guo HS 2018 Control: CD
Trial: CD+A.B
Control: 41
Trial: 35
NA Control: 6
Trial: 1
Ficat Pain: 1 30
Warner 1987 CD 39 19 23 Ficat Fracture: 1
Hematoma: 1
16
Tooke 1988 CD 45 16 16 Ficat Fracture: 1 36
Lausten 1990 CD 29 15 11 Ficat Pain: 1 17.2
Learmonth 1990 CD 41 18 34 Ficat Fracture: 1 32
Fairbank 1994 CD 128 55 81 Ficat Fracture: 4
Perforation of femoral head: 1
Deep venous thrombosis: 2
Retained drain: 1
132
Smith 1995 CD 114 64 81 Ficat Infection: 3
Fracture: 2
Hematoma: 2
Non-fatal pulmonary embolism: 1
Deep venous thrombosis: 1
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy: 1
40
Markel 1996 CD 54 26 NA Ficat Fracture: 2
Infection: 1
27.1
Mont 1997 CD 79 37 37 Ficat NA 144
Powell 1997 CD 34 6 9 Ficat None 48
Iorio 1998 CD 33 11 17 Ficat NA 60
Bozic 1999 CD 54 28 34 Ficat Fracture: 1
Hematoma: 1
97
Steinberg 2001 CD+A.B 312 113 113 UPSS NA 48
Hernigou 2002 CD+Marrow 189 34 52 Ficat Pain: 1
Pneumonia: 1
Alloimmunization: 1
84
Lieberman 2004 CD 17 3 3 Ficat Pain: 4 53
Belmar 2004 CD 302 113 NA UPSS NA 46
Song 2007 CD 163 50 NA Ficat Heterotopic ossifications: 23
Fracture: 1
87
Li YP 2007 CD+A.B 36 4 4 ARCO NA 23.4
Ji WF 2008 CD+Marrow 103 NA NA UPSS None 26
Xu WH 2009 CD+A.B 42 NA NA Ficat None 38
Wang 2010 CD+Marrow 59 7 14 ARCO NA 27.6
Cao B 2010 CD+A.B 61 NA 22 Ficat NA 26.4
Yang J 2010 CD 85 6 19 UPSS None 57.6
Zhao Y 2011 CD 25 2 NA Ficat NA 73
Chotivichit 2012 CD+Marrow 11 2 8 Ficat NA 42.6
Chotivichit 2014 CD+Marrow 34 10 9 Ficat Pain: 4 25.8
Chen XT 2015 CD+A.B 58 11 11 ARCO NA 34.05
  1. Note: NA not available, CD core decompression, CD+Marrow core decompression combined with autologous bone marrow, CD+A.B core decompression combined with autologous bone, THA total hip replacement, RP radiographic progression