Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Univariate analysis of overall complications or secondary procedure following VLP fixation of distal radial fractures (138/1175)

From: Incidence of complications and secondary procedure following distal radius fractures treated by volar locking plate (VLP)

Variable Group Rate of overall complication (%) p Rate of secondary-procedure (%) p
Age (years)    0.040   0.438
  16–45 68/466 (14.6)   32/466 (6.9)  
46–64 51/492 (10.4)   25/492 (5.1)  
≥ 65 19/217 (8.8)   11/217 (5.1)  
Gender    0.082   0.386
  Male 60/443 (13.5)   29/443 (6.5)  
Female 78/732 (10.7)   39/732 (5.3)  
Living area    0.048   0.256
  Living in urban area 54/376 (14.4)   26/376 (6.9)  
Living in rural area 84/799 (10.5)   42/799 (5.3)  
BMI (kg/m2)    <0.001   0.239
  18.5–23.9 63/534 (11.8)   29/534 (5.4)  
< 18.5 11/39 (28.2)   4/39 (10.3)  
24.0–27.9 24/369 (7)   16/369 (4.3)  
28.0–31.9 32/177 (13.5)   15/177 (8.5)  
≥ 32.0 8/56 (34.8)   4/56 (7.1)  
Smoking    0.300   0.226
  Yes 43/321 (13.4)   23/321 (7.2)  
  No 95/854 (11.2)   45/848 (5.3)  
Alcohol    0.361   0.351
  Yes 39/372 (9.4)   25/372 (6.7)  
No 99/803 (7.9)   43/803 (5.4)  
Diabetes    0.155   0.092
  Yes 9/67 (13.4)   7/67 (10.4)  
No 93/1108 (8.4)   61/1108 (5.5)  
Hypertension    0.183   0.508
  Yes 24/256 (9.4)   17/256 (6.6)  
No 114/919 (12.4)   51/919 (5.5)  
Rheumatoid diseases    0.494   0.037
  Yes 7/47 (14.9)   6/47 (12.8)  
No 131/1128 (11.6)   62/1128 (5.5)  
Injury mechanism    0.147   0.048
  Low energy 86/796 (10.8)   39/796 (4.9)  
High energy 52/379 (13.7)   29/379 (7.7)  
AO classification    < 0.001   0.020
  Type A 21/264 (8)   11/264 (6.1)  
Type B 38/428 (8.9)   18/428 (4.9)  
Type C 79/483 (16.4)   39/483 (6.4)  
Fracture type    0.011   < 0.001
  Open 14/64 (21.9)   12/64 (18.8)  
Closed 124/1101 (11.3)   56/1101 (5.1)  
Significant collapse of the lunate fossa    0.001   < 0.001
  Yes 13/48 (27.1)   10/48 (20.8)  
No 125/1127 (11.1)   58/1127 (5.1)  
Concomitant fractures    0.147   0.074
  Yes 13/77 (16.9)   8/77 (10.4)  
No 125/1098 (11.4)   60/1098 (5.5)  
Volume of treatment of these fractures (years)    0.023   0.040
  High (≥ 35) 79/774 (10.2)   37/774 (4.8)  
Low (< 35) 59/401 (14.7)   31/401 (7.7)  
Preoperative stay (days)    0.280   0.135
  0–3 59/517 (11.4)   28/517 (5.4)  
4–7 47/442 (10.6)   21/442 (4.8)  
> 7 32/216 (14.8)   19/216 (8.8)  
Timing of surgery    0.016   0.092
  Emergency 43/271 (17.4)   10/271 (3.7)  
Elective 95/904 (12.2)   58/904 (6.4)  
ASA classification    0.206   0.266
  I–II 97/884 (11)   55/884 (6.2)  
≥ III 41/291 (14.1)   13/291 (4.5)  
Surgical duration (mins)    0.057   0.092
  < 95 102/940 (10.9)   49/940 (5.2)  
≥ 95 36/235 (15.3)   19/235 (8.1)  
Intraoperative blood loss (ml)    0.549   0.013
  < 200 100/876 (11.4)   42/876 (4.8)  
≥ 200 38/299 (12.7)   26/299 (8.7)  
Postoperative drainage    0.260   0.858
  Yes 54/403 (13.4)   24/403 (6)  
No 84/772 (10.9)   44/772 (5.7)  
  1. Abbreviation: OR odds ratio, VLP volar locking plate, BMI body mass index, AO Arbeitsgemeinschaftfür Osteosynthesefragen, ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists