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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of included participants

From: Gout is not associated with the risk of fracture: a meta-analysis

Author Year Female, n (%) Mean age, years Mean duration of follow-up, years Comorbidities
Gout group Control group Gout group Control group Gout group Control group
Tzeng, et al. [23] 2016 13,142 (30.1) 26,284 (30.1) 50.9 ± 16.0 50.9 ± 16.0 11 11 ALD, CAD, COPD, DM, ESRD, hypertension, osteoporosis, parkinson disease, stroke
Kim, et al. [25] 2017 13,176 (18.0) 39,529 (18.0) 60.0 ± 7.5 60.0 ± 7.5 2.0 ± 1.7 2.0 ± 1.8 Hypertension, stroke, cardiovascular disease, bone mineral density testing ordered, osteoporosis, dementia, chronic lung disease, chronic kidney disease, CAD, hyperlipidemia, obesity, DM, smoking, alcoholism, comorbidity score
Paik, et al. [17] 2017 2225 (100) 101,574 (100) 59.6 ± 6.5 56.0 ± 7.1 14 for the wrist fracture analysis; 22 for the hip fracture analysis 14 for the wrist fracture analysis; 22 the hip fracture analysis Current smokers, hypertension, DM, osteoporosis, taking a thiazide diuretic
Sultan, et al. [1] 2018 8601 (17.1) 32,983 (16.8) 63.5 ± 12.5 63.1 ± 12.2 10.8 (6.7–13.4)* 10.8 (6.8–13.6)* Smoking, alcohol consumption, history of falls, antihypertensive agents, antidiabetic agents, opioids, glucocorticoids, proton pump inhibitors, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and bisphosphonates
Wang, et al. [24] 2018 75 (51.0) 1646 (65.1) 73.6 ± 12.0 75.6 ± 12.3 Not mentioned Not mentioned Rheumatic arthritis, CAD, hypertension, DM, physical activity, alcohol, smoking
  1. ALD alcohol-related disorder, CAD coronary artery disease, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, DM diabetes mellitus, ESRD end-stage renal disease, *Median (IQR)