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Table 2 Predictors of postoperative opioid dependence

From: Can patient and fracture factors predict opioid dependence following upper extremity fractures?: a retrospective review

Predictor Odds ratio p value
Fracture complexity 1.93 0.049*
ASA class 3 or 4 1.31 0.48
Smoking status 1.38 0.33
Preoperative opioid dependence 2.42 0.03*
Obesity (BMI > 30) 0.60 0.14
Psychological comorbidity 0.93 0.83
Time to surgery > 30 days 0.72 0.46
  1. * denotes statistically significant differences between groups