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Table 2 Median distance as simultaneously measured with the ankle arthrometer and with bone pins between 20 and 40 N anterior talar drawer for the sequential ligament dissection and reconstruction compared with the intact ankle. The ankle arthrometer measures the anterior translation of the calcaneus with its surrounding soft tissue against the leg. The bone pin measures represent the translation between fibula and talus

From: Stabilizing lateral ankle instability by suture tape – a cadaver study

  Ankle arthrometer Bone pin measures (calcaneus vs. fibula)
Median (mean deviation) [mm] Δ to intact [mm] Δ to intact [%] P value vs. intact Bonferroni-Holm-corrected threshold Median (mean deviation) [mm] Δ to intact [mm] Δ to intact [%] P value vs. intact Bonferroni-Holm-corrected threshold
Intact 4.0 (1.1)      0.2 (0.6)     
ATFL cut 6.1 (2.9) 2.1 53 0.003 0.012 2.4 (4.9) 2.17 1033 0.004 0.012
ATFL cut + suture tape 5.0 (1.2) 1.0 25 0.173 0.405 0.9 (1.0) 0.64 304 0.173 0.306
ATFL cut + suture tape + CFL cut 5.0 (2.1) 1.0 25 0.078 0.312 0.7 (1.3) 0.50 238 0.007 0.035
ATFL cut, CFL cut, suture tape cut 7.6 (3.6) 3.6 90 0.001 0.006 2.9 (6.5) 2.66 1266 < 0.001 0.001
ATFL cut, CFL cut, PTFL cut, suture tape cut 7.3 (3.1) 3.3 82 0.001 0.006 6.1 (6.0) 5.93 2823 < 0.001 0.001
  1. Significant values are presented in italics