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Table 4 The correlation of HKA with ankle parameters in male and female group

From: The effect of varus knee deformities on the ankle alignment in patients with knee osteoarthritis

Ankle parameter Correlation p
Male
 TTA 0.154 0.425
 TAS 0.246 0.199
 LDTA − 0.065 0.739
 TT − 0.177 0.360
 Ground-plafond (GP) 0.455 0.013
 Ground-talus (GT) 0.476 0.009
 Plateau-plafond (PP) 0.191 0.321
 TC − 0.001 0.994
Female
 TTA 0.130 0.297
 TAS 0.295 0.016
 LDTA − 0.219 0.077
 TT − 0.359 0.003
 Ground-plafond (GP) 0.683 < 0.001
 Ground-talus (GT) 0.751 < 0.001
 Plateau-plafond (PP) 0.331 0.007
 TC 0.203 0.103
  1. HKA hip-knee-ankle angle, TTA tibiotalar angle, TAS tibial anterior surface angle, LDTA lateral distal tibial angle, TT talar tilt angle, TC anatomical talocrural angle, PP angle between the tibial plateau and distal tibial plafond, GP angle between the ground surface and distal tibial plafond, GT angle between the ground surface and upper talus