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Table 3 Characteristics of patients

From: The effect of varus knee deformities on the ankle alignment in patients with knee osteoarthritis

Characteristic Male Female p
Number of patients 24 54 /
Number of knees 29 66 /
Right/left 18/11 38/28 /
Mean age (year) 69.83 ± 6.329 68.17 ± 6.25 0.124
HKA 8.16 ± 4.36 7.69 ± 5.93 0.439
TTA 89.84 ± 3.35 90.77 ± 3.03 0.363
TAS 89.10 ± 3.49 88.03 ± 3.07 0.702
LDTA 91.11 ± 2.93 92.19 ± 2.97 0.186
TT 1.34 ± 1.57 1.42 ± 1.43 0.136
Ground-plafond (GP) 8.44 ± 3.72 9.07 ± 3.88 0.107
Ground-talus (GT) 7.19 ± 4.06 7.87 ± 4.14 0.817
Plateau-plafond (PP) 6.12 ± 3.34 6.84 ± 4.00 0.463
TC 77.43 ± 3.76 76.82 ± 3.82 0.460
  1. HKA hip-knee-ankle angle, TTA tibiotalar angle, TAS tibial anterior surface angle, LDTA lateral distal tibial angle, TT talar tilt angle, TC anatomical talocrural angle, PP angle between the tibial plateau and distal tibial plafond, GP angle between the ground surface and distal tibial plafond, GT angle between the ground surface and upper talus