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Table 1 Tibia, fibula, and hindfoot ligament properties [20, 21]

From: Nonanatomic versus anatomic techniques in spring ligament reconstruction: biomechanical assessment via a finite element model

Ligament a (N) b
Anterior talofibular 7.18 12.50
Anterior tibiofibular 5.52 22.63
Anterior tibiotalar 2.06 20.11
Calcaneofibular 0.20 49.63
Posterior talofibular 0.14 44.35
Posterior tibiofibular 6.87 20.07
Posterior tibiotalar 1.34 28.65
Tibiocalcaneal 0.51 45.99
Tibionavicular k = 39.1 N/mm [21]