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Table 1 The characteristics of the included studies

From: An enhanced recovery after surgery program in orthopedic surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Source Country Surgical site Intervention No. of participants Age, mean (SD) Male/female
Auyong et al. [29] USA Joint ERAS 126 66.2 (10.2) 44/82
Traditional care 126 68.44 (9.98) 41/85
Christelis et al. [32] Australia Joint ERAS 297 67 (10) 113/184
Traditional care 412 68 (11) 164/248
den Hertog et al. [33] Germany Joint ERAS 74 66.58 (8.21) 23/51
Traditional care 73 68.25 (7.91) 20/53
Maempel et al. [34] England Joint ERAS 84 69.8 (8.9) 42/42
Traditional care 81 70.1 (10.5) 40/44
Malviya et al. [35] England Joint ERAS 1500 68 711/789
Traditional care 3000 69 1482/1518
McDonald et al. [36] England Joint ERAS 1081 69 (11) 439/642
Traditional care 735 70 (13) 307/428
Stambough et al. [42] USA Joint ERAS 488 55 (19) 247/241
Traditional care 281 59 (16) 126/155
Stowers et al. [37] New Zealand Joint ERAS 100 66.7 (9.2) 47/53
Traditional care 100 65.4 (12.5) 41/59
Khan et al. [43] England Joint ERAS 3000 68 (10) 1390/1610
Traditional care 3000 69 (10) 1482/1518
Pedersen et al. [38] Denmark Fracture ERAS 178 82.2 42/136
Traditional care 357 82.6 85/272
Eriksson et al. [24] Sweden Fracture ERAS 80 85 65/15
Traditional care 335 82 227/108
Liu et al. [41] USA Fracture ERAS 2514 79.7 (11.7) NA
Traditional care 2488 79.3 (11.9) NA
Macfie et al. [39] England Fracture ERAS 117 82.5 (9.2) 89/28
Traditional care 115 82.7 (8.7) 91/24
Wang et al. [8, 40] USA Spine ERAS 38 65 (11) 17/21
Traditional care 15 59 (12) 10/5
Nazarenko et al. [44] Russia Spine ERAS 23 44.3 NA
Traditional care 25 42.2 NA
  1. ERAS enhanced recovery after surgery, SD standard deviation