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Table 1 Material properties of finite element method (FEM) models

From: Biomechanical comparison of percutaneous posterior endoscopic cervical discectomy and anterior cervical decompression and fusion on the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy

Material Elasticity modulus (MPa) Poisson’s ratio
Bone tissue
 Cortical bone 18,000 0.3
 Cancellous bone 200 0.2
Ligament Nonlinear spring
 Titanium plate 114,000 0.3
 Cage 4100 0.4