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Table 3 Clinical outcomes at last follow-up of the included studies

From: Mid- to long-term results of total disc replacement for lumbar degenerative disc disease: a systematic review

Study Type of prosthesis VAS improvement rate (%) ODI score improvement Clinical success rate (%) Satisfaction rate (%)
Guyer et al. [17] Charité 55.7 − 21.5 57.8 78.0
Zigler and Delamarter [50] ProDisc 51.1 − 44.4 53.7 NA
Van De Kelft and Verguts. [43] Maverick 61.0 − 28.55 63.0 77.0
Meir et al. [27] AcroFlex NA − 15.6 NA NA
Sköld et al. [41] Charité, ProDisc, Maverick 63.6 − 24.6 72.5 79.0
Siepe et al. [39] ProDisc 54.9 NA NA 86.3
Tohmeh and Smith [42] XL TDR NA NA NA 93.3
Laugesen et al. [20] ProDisc 52.9 NA NA NA
Putzier et al. [34] Charité NA NA NA 75.5
David [7] Charité NA NA NA NA
Park et al. [29] ProDisc 70.5 − 25.1 71.4 88.6
Lu et al. [23] Charité 82.8 − 28.2 87.5 NA
Park et al. [31] ProDisc 57.0 − 19.1 66.7 87.2
  1. VAS improvement rate = (postoperative mean VAS score − preoperative mean VAS score)/(0 − preoperative mean VAS score) × 100%
  2. ODI improvement score = postoperative mean ODI − preoperative mean ODI