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Table 5 Clinical evaluation: JOA scores and NDI scores

From: Asymmetrical degenerative marrow (Modic) changes in cervical spine: prevalence, correlative factors, and surgical outcomes

  JOA NDI
Preoperative Final follow-up p value Preoperative Final follow-up p value
Group AM 7.92 ± 2.21 12.66 ± 1.97 < 0.001 21.67 ± 7.76 8.13 ± 5.91 < 0.001
Group CM 7.49 ± 2.31 12.42 ± 1.88 < 0.001 20.83 ± 8.90 9.06 ± 6.56 < 0.001
p 0.180 0.269   0.588 0.165