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Table 3 Comparison of patient characteristics between group AM and group CM

From: Asymmetrical degenerative marrow (Modic) changes in cervical spine: prevalence, correlative factors, and surgical outcomes

Variable Group AM (n = 76) Group CM (n = 202) p value
Age (years) 51.66 ± 6.96 52.50 ± 7.82 0.4141
Gender    0.2872
 Male 37 84  
 Female 39 118  
Modic type    0.6212
 Type 1 4 17  
 Type 2 69 175  
 Type 3 3 10  
Disc herniation 3.18 ± 0.67 2.83 ± 0.69 < 0.0013
Disc degeneration 3.45 ± 0.74 3.29 ± 0.91 0.2093
Neurological symptoms    0.0072
 Nerve root compression 55 112  
 Spinal cord compression 10 64  
 Mixed symptoms 11 26  
Axial symptom    0.1242
 Yes 22 78  
 No 54 124  
Smoking    0.3712
 Yes 28 63  
 No 48 139  
Surgery rate 68.42% 63.37% 0.4322
Conservative rehabilitation rate 47.06% 63.79% 0.0432
Surgical method    0.2262
 Anterior approach 85 168  
 Posterior approach 11 34  
  1. 1Independent t test
  2. 2Chi-square test
  3. 3Mann–Whitney U test