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Table 1 Study inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Total ankle arthroplasty versus ankle arthrodesis—a comparison of outcomes over the last decade

Study type Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Total ankle arthroplasty studies Published since January 2006
Third-generation implant approved for use in the USA
Specific implants: HINTEGRA, STAR, Salto, INBONE
Minimum of 200 ankles
Report primary research
Report complication, reoperation, and/or revision rate data
Revision data
Duplicate data
Non-consecutive series
Restricted patient cohorts
Ankle arthrodesis studies Published since January 2006
Open and/or arthroscopic fusion technique
Minimum of 80 ankles
Report primary research
Report complication, reoperation, and/or revision rate data
Revision data
Duplicate data
Non-consecutive series
Restricted patient cohorts
Total ankle arthroplasty vs. arthrodesis studies Published since January 2006
Meet implant and fusion technique criteria stated above
Report primary research
Revision data
Duplicate data
Non-consecutive series
Restricted patient cohorts
  1. Abbreviations: TAA total ankle arthroplasty, AA ankle arthrodesis, kin studies studies reporting results from the same patient population at different time intervals