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Table 1 Changes of the abduction angle

From: Characterization of a frozen shoulder model using immobilization in rats

  Left (immobilized) Right (non-immobilized) P valuea (side difference) Side difference Time effectb (multiple comparison)c
Control (C) 154.4° ± 5.0° 155.0° ± 5.3° n.s. 5.0° ± 3.8° P = 0.029 (C, D3 < W1,W2,W3,W4,W5,W6 and W1 < W2,W3)
Day 3 (D3) 153.8° ± 3.3° 154.8° ± 2.4° n.s. 1.9° ± 1.2°
Week 1 (W1) 123.1° ± 5.3° 157.5° ± 4.6° <0.001 34.4° ± 5.6°
Week 2 (W2) 103.1° ± 8.0° 158.1° ± 4.6° <0.001 55.0° ± 6.5°
Week 3 (W3) 97.5° ± 9.3° 153.1° ± 6.5° <0.001 55.6° ± 7.7°
Week 4 (W4) 105.6° ± 11.5° 153.1° ± 7.0° <0.001 47.5° ± 12.2°
Week 5 (W5) 105.0° ± 8.5° 155.0° ± 2.7° <0.001 50.0° ± 8.0°
Week 6 (W6) 99.7° ± 13.0° 150.6° ± 3.2° <0.001 50.8° ± 11.8°
  1. n.s. not significant
  2. aPaired t test
  3. brepeated-measures one-factor analysis for time effect
  4. cMultiple comparison by contrast