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Table 2 AOFAS score before surgery and at final follow-up (48 months)

From: Functional and radiographic outcomes of hallux valgus correction by mini-invasive surgery with Reverdin-Isham and Akin percutaneous osteotomies: a longitudinal prospective study with a 48-month follow-up

  Preoperative (%) Last follow-up (%)
Pain
 None 2.5 62.5
 Mild, occasional 19 28.75
 Moderate, daily 78.5 8.75
 Severe, almost always present 0 0
Activity limitations
 No limitations 7.5 76.5
 Limited daily and recreational activities 60 21
 Severe limitation 32.5 2.5
Footwear requirements
 Fashionable, conventional shoes 13.5 44
 Comfort footwear, shoe insert 82.5 56
 Modified shoes or brace 4 0
MTP joint motion
 Normal or mild restriction >75° 82.5 61
 Moderate restriction 30°–74° 17.5 37.5
 Severe restriction <30° 0 1.5
Callus related to hallux MTP-IP
 No callus or asymptomatic callus 39 93.75
 Callus symptomatic 61 6.25
Alignment
 Good, hallux well aligned 0 68.75
 Fair, no symptoms 0 23.7
 Poor obvious symptomatic malalignment 100 7.5