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Table 1 The description information about included articles

From: Anterior versus posterior approach in Lenke 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a meta-analysis of fusion segments and radiological outcomes

Study ID Study type Group Number Age, year Gender (female/male) Riser sign (range) Follow-up, year TL/L curves flexibility (%) No. segments in lumbar curve TL/L Cobb angle of preoperation TL/L Cobb angle of final follow-up Correction rate of TL/L Cobb angle of final follow-up
Hee et al. [21] Retro A 25 14.2 ± 1.5 25/0 0–5 ≥2 NR 4.7 ± 0.7 50 ± 12 16 ± 9 NR
   P 11 14.5 ± 1.1 11/0 1–5 ≥2 NR 4.8 ± 1.0 46 ± 5 15 ± 9 NR
Wang et al. [22] Prosp A 16 15.38 ± 1.54 15/1 2–5 ≥2 79 ± 11 5 (4, 7) 42.56 ± 7.04 9.75 ± 4.12 77 ± 11
   P 16 14.88 ± 1.63 15/1 2–5 ≥2 78 ± 17 5 (4, 7) 42.75 ± 6.12 7.56 ± 4.21 82 ± 10
Li et al. [23] Retro A 22 13.73 ± 1.32 NR 3 (2, 4) ≥2 47.05 ± 13.48 5 (5, 6) 50.18 ± 7.52 NR 54.42 ± 5.40
   P 24 13.58 ± 1.50 NR 2 (2, 3) ≥2 51.07 ± 10.27 5 (5, 7) 52.12 ± 6.40 NR 55.21 ± 6.05
Geck et al. [24] Retro A 31 15.6 ± 2.3 NR NR ≥2 58.5 5.2 ± 0.74 49.0 ± 6.6 15.9 ± 9 66.6
   P 31 15.5 ± 2.0 NR NR ≥2 50.3 5.7 ± 0.76 50.3 ± 7.0 8.0 ± 3.1 84.2
Zhan et al. [25] Retro A 22 14.5 ± 2.9 22/0 NR ≥1 NR NR 56.0 ± 15.5 4.1 ± 2.0 93 ± 5
   P 20 14.8 ± 2.2 20/0 NR ≥1 NR NR 53.0 ± 13.4 9.4 ± 6.3 88 ± 5
Eljure et al. [26] Retro A 18 15 ± 1.4 18/0 NR ≥2 NR NR NR NR NR
   P 19 15 ± 1.1 19/0 NR ≥2 NR NR NR NR NR
Dong et al. [27] Retro A 17 14.8 ± 1.8 14/3 NR 4.0 ± 2.2 87.4 ± 22.7 NR 41.4 ± 5.9 10.4 ± 8.4 75.4 ± 18.5
   P 36 14.5 ± 2.1 33/3 NR 4.0 ± 1.9 87.2 ± 27.5 NR 44.3 ± 7.4 7.5 ± 6.9 83.2 ± 16.3
  1. Retro retrospective study; Prosp prospective study; A anterior approach; P posterior approach; TL/L thoracolumbar/lumbar