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Table 1 The 50 most-cited articles in fracture surgery from China

From: Fifty top-cited fracture articles from China: a systematic review and bibliometric analysis

Rank Article Number of citations
1 Wang SJ, Lewallen DG, Bolander ME, Chao EY, Ilstrup DM, Greenleaf JF. Low intensity ultrasound treatment increases strength in a rat femoral fracture model. J Orthop Res 1994;12(1):40–7. 209
2 Leung KS, So WS, Shen WY, Hui PW. Gamma nails and dynamic hip screws for peritrochanteric fractures. A randomised prospective study in elderly patients. J Bone Joint Surg Br 1992;74(3):345–51. 205
3 Wang CJ, Chen HS, Chen CE, Yang KD. Treatment of nonunions of long bone fractures with shock waves. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2001;387:95–101. 104
4 Fitoussi F, Ip WY, Chow SP. Treatment of displaced intra-articular fractures of the distal end of the radius with plates. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1997;79(9):1303–12. 84
5 Leung KS, Yuen KM, Chan WS. Operative treatment of displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneum. Medium-term results. J Bone Joint Surg Br 1993;75(2):196–201. 84
6 Wang FS, Yang KD, Chen RF, Wang CJ, Sheen-Chen SM. Extracorporeal shock wave promotes growth and differentiation of bone-marrow stromal cells towards osteoprogenitors associated with induction of TGF-beta1. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2002;84(3):457–61. 84
7 Chen YJ, Wurtz T, Wang CJ, Kuo YR, Yang KD, Huang HC, et al. Recruitment of mesenchymal stem cells and expression of TGF-beta 1 and VEGF in the early stage of shock wave-promoted bone regeneration of segmental defect in rats. J Orthop Res 2004;22(3):526–34. 79
8 Shen WJ, Liu TJ, Shen YS. Plate fixation of fresh displaced midshaft clavicle fractures. Injury 1999;30(7):497–500. 69
9 Leung KS, Cheung WH, Zhang C, Lee KM, Lo HK. Low intensity pulsed ultrasound stimulates osteogenic activity of human periosteal cells. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2004;418:253–9. 67
10 Leung F, Tu YK, Chew WY, Chow SP. Comparison of external and percutaneous pin fixation with plate fixation for intra-articular distal radial fractures. A randomized study. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2008;90(1):16–22. 63
11 Shen X, Wan C, Ramaswamy G, Mavalli M, Wang Y, Duvall CL, et al. Prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors increase neoangiogenesis and callus formation following femur fracture in mice. J Orthop Res 2009;27(10):1298–305. 63
12 Chiu KY, Pun WK, Luk KD, Chow SP. A prospective study on hip fractures in patients with previous cerebrovascular accidents. Injury 1992;23(5):297–9. 62
13 Leung KS, Shen WY, So WS, Mui LT, Grosse A. Interlocking intramedullary nailing for supracondylar and intercondylar fractures of the distal part of the femur. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1991;73(3):332–40. 62
14 Hung LK, Chan KM, Chow YN, Leung PC. Fractured patella: operative treatment using the tension band principle. Injury 1985;16(5):343–7. 58
15 Leung KS, Shen WY, Tsang HK, Chiu KH, Leung PC, Hung LK. An effective treatment of comminuted fractures of the distal radius. J Hand Surg Am 1990;15(1):11–7. 57
16 Lin J, Hou SM, Hang YS, Chao EY. Treatment of humeral shaft fractures by retrograde locked nailing. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1997;342:147–55. 56
17 Ko JY, Yamamoto R. Surgical treatment of complex fracture of the proximal humerus. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1996;327:225–37. 56
18 Hu F, Jiang C, Shen J, Tang P, Wang Y. Preoperative predictors for mortality following hip fracture surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Injury 2012;43(6):676–85. 55
19 Wang CJ, Huang HY, Chen HH, Pai CH, Yang KD. Effect of shock wave therapy on acute fractures of the tibia: a study in a dog model. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2001;387:112–8. 52
20 Wang Q, Zhong S, Ouyang J, Jiang L, Zhang Z, Xie Y, et al. Osteogenesis of electrically stimulated bone cells mediated in part by calcium ions. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1998;348:259–68. 50
21 Leung KS, Lam TP. Open reduction and internal fixation of ipsilateral fractures of the scapular neck and clavicle. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1993;75(7):1015–8. 46
22 Leung KS, Shen WY, Leung PC, Kinninmonth AW, Chang JC, Chan GP. Ligamentotaxis and bone grafting for comminuted fractures of the distal radius. J Bone Joint Surg Br 1989;71(5):838–42. 45
23 Yang RS, Tsuang YH, Hang YS, Liu TK. Traumatic dislocation of the hip. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1991;265:218–27. 40
24 Lau TW, Leung F, Chan CF, Chow SP. Wound complication of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis in distal tibia fractures. Int Orthop 2008;32(5):697–703. 40
25 Wang JW, Weng LH. Treatment of distal femoral nonunion with internal fixation, cortical allograft struts, and autogenous bone-grafting. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2003;85-A(3):436–40. 39
26 Zhiquan A, Bingfang Z, Yeming W, Chi Z, Peiyan H. Minimally invasive plating osteosynthesis (MIPO) of middle and distal third humeral shaft fractures. J Orthop Trauma 2007;21(9):628–33. 39
27 Leung F, Chow SP. A prospective, randomized trial comparing the limited contact dynamic compression plate with the point contact fixator for forearm fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2003;85-A(12):2343–8. 36
28 Luo CF, Sun H, Zhang B, Zeng BF. Three-column fixation for complex tibial plateau fractures. J Orthop Trauma 2010;24(11):683–92. 36
29 Lin J, Hou SM. Antegrade locked nailing for humeral shaft fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1999;365:201–10. 35
30 Leung KS, Shi HF, Cheung WH, Qin L, Ng WK, Tam KF, et al. Low-magnitude high-frequency vibration accelerates callus formation, mineralization, and fracture healing in rats. J Orthop Res 2009;27(4):458–65. 34
31 Mak KH, Chan KM, Leung PC. Ankle fracture treated with the AO principle—an experience with 116 cases. Injury 1985;16(4):265–72. 33
32 Cheung KM, Kaluarachi K, Andrew G, Lu W, Chan D, Cheah KS. An externally fixed femoral fracture model for mice. J Orthop Res 2003;21(4):685–90. 33
33 Xu XL, Tang T, Dai K, Zhu Z, Guo XE, Yu C, et al. Immune response and effect of adenovirus-mediated human BMP-2 gene transfer on the repair of segmental tibial bone defects in goats. Acta Orthop 2005;76(5):637–46. 32
34 Liu Y, Tao R, Liu F, Wang Y, Zhou Z, Cao Y, et al. Mid-term outcomes after intramedullary fixation of peritrochanteric femoral fractures using the new proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA). Injury 2010;41(8):810–7. 32
35 Fan CY, Chiang CC, Chuang TY, Chiu FY, Chen TH. Interlocking nails for displaced metaphyseal fractures of the distal tibia. Injury 2005;36(5):669–74. 32
36 Huang HT, Huang PJ, Su JY, Lin SY. Indirect reduction and bridge plating of supracondylar fractures of the femur. Injury 2003;34(2):135–40. 31
37 Dai KR, Hou XK, Sun YH, Tang RG, Qiu SJ, Ni C. Treatment of intra-articular fractures with shape memory compression staples. Injury 1993;24(10):651–5. 31
38 Hsueh KK, Fang CK, Chen CM, Su YP, Wu HF, Chiu FY. Risk factors in cutout of sliding hip screw in intertrochanteric fractures: an evaluation of 937 patients. Int Orthop 2010;34(8):1273–6. 31
39 Guo JJ, Tang N, Yang HL, Tang TS. A prospective, randomised trial comparing closed intramedullary nailing with percutaneous plating in the treatment of distal metaphyseal fractures of the tibia. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2010;92(7):984–8. 31
40 Hung LK, Wu HT, Leung PC, Qin L. Low BMD is a risk factor for low-energy Colles’ fractures in women before and after menopause. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2005;435:219–25. 30
41 Leung KS, Chen CM, So WS, Sato K, Lai CH, Machaisavariya B, et al. Multicenter trial of modified Gamma nail in East Asia. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1996;323:146–54. 30
42 Pu JS, Liu L, Wang GL, Fang Y, Yang TF. Results of the proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) in elderly Chinese patients. Int Orthop 2009;33(5):1441–4. 30
43 Wong MK, Leung F, Chow SP. Treatment of distal femoral fractures in the elderly using a less-invasive plating technique. Int Orthop 2005;29(2):117–20. 30
44 Jiang R, Luo CF, Zeng BF, Mei GH. Minimally invasive plating for complex humeral shaft fractures. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2007;127(7):531–5. 29
45 Wu CC, Shih CH. Biomechanical analysis of the mechanism of interlocking nail failure. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 1992;111(5):268–72. 29
46 Tao J, Hang DH, Wang QG, Gao W, Zhu LB, Wu XF, et al. The posterolateral shearing tibial plateau fracture: treatment and results via a modified posterolateral approach. Knee 2008;15(6):473–9. 29
47 Lee YS, Lin CC, Huang CR, Chen CN, Liao WY. Operative treatment of midclavicular fractures in 62 elderly patients: knowles pin versus plate. Orthopedics 2007;30(11):959–64. 29
48 Yang SW, Tzeng HM, Chou YJ, Teng HP, Liu HH, Wong CY. Treatment of distal tibial metaphyseal fractures: plating versus shortened intramedullary nailing. Injury 2006;37(6):531–5. 28
49 Chan KM, Leung YK, Cheng JC, Leung PC. The management of type III open tibial fractures. Injury 1984;16(3):157–65. 28
50 Jiang R, Luo CF, Wang MC, Yang TY, Zeng BF. A comparative study of less invasive stabilization system (LISS) fixation and two-incision double plating for the treatment of bicondylar tibial plateau fractures. Knee 2008;15(2):139–143. 28