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Table 3 Change in BMD and fall-related factors

From: Effect of whole-body vibration on reduction of bone loss and fall prevention in postmenopausal women: a meta-analysis and systematic review

Study Group Absolute pre-post change in BMD (mean ± SD) Fall-related factors
Femur neck (g cm−2) Spine (g cm−2)
Verschueren et al., 2004 [11] WBV 0.008 ± 0.016 −0.003 ± 0.019 Change of knee extensor isometric strength (N m): 18.3 ± 22.95
CON −0.006 ± 0.013 0.003 ± 0.020 Change of knee extensor isometric strength (N m): 6.34 ± 23.81
Rubin et al., 2004 [20] WBV −0.005 ± 0.048 −0.005 ± 0.057 N.A.
CON −0.002 ± 0.029 −0.006 ± 0.029
Iwamoto et al., 2005 [22] WBV N.A. 0.051 ± 0.045 N.A.
CON 0.042 ± 0.046
Gusi et al., 2006 [12] WBV 0.020 ± 0.048 −0.010 ± 0.057 Balance change (trials): −2.7 (95 % CI, −5.7 to −0.1)
CON −0.020 ± 0.029 −0.01 ± 0.029 Balance change (trials): 0.5 (95 % CI, −0.9 to 0.6)
Stengel et al., 2011 [14] WBV 0.003 ± 0.019 0.005 ± 0.017 Change of leg extension isometric strength (N): 166 ± 144.4
CON 0.002 ± 0.016 −0.005 ± 0.018 Change of leg extension isometric strength (N): 37.1 ± 129.9
Stengel et al., 2011 [15] WBV 0.001 ± 0.017 0.014 ± 0.22 Fall rate (falls/person): 0.70 ± 0.83
CON 0.001 ± 0.016 0.019 ± 0.31 Fall rate (falls/person): 0.96 ± 1.10
Lai et al.,2013 [13] WBV N.A. 0.017 ± 0.029 N.A.
CON −0.004 ± 0.011
Leung et al., 2014 [21] WBV −0.0145 ± 0.032 0.0006 ± 0.0366 Adjusted hazard ratio of fall or fracture (95 % CI): 0.56 (0.40, 0.78)
CON −0.0147 ± 0.038 −0.0046 ± 0.044
  1. N.A. not available