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Table 2 Study characteristics

From: Effect of whole-body vibration on reduction of bone loss and fall prevention in postmenopausal women: a meta-analysis and systematic review

Study Age (years) Sample size (WBV/CON) WBV therapy Control intervention Calcium requirements Vitamin D requirements Mean follow-up (months) Loss to follow-up rate (%)
Frequency (hertz) Magnitude (g) Mean cumulative volume (minutes)
Verschueren et al., 2004 [11] 58–74 (25/45) 35–40 ≥1 1021 No treatment and resistance training None None 6 0
Rubin et al., 2004 [20] 47–64 (33/37) 30 <1 5840 Sham vibration Measured intake None 12 20
Iwamoto et al., 2005 [22] 55–88 (25/25) 20 ≥1 208 No treatment >800 mg through diet per day None 12 0
Gusi et al., 2006 [12] 66 ± 5 (14/14) 12.6 ≥1 494 Walking Measured intake Measured intake 8 0
Stengel et al., 2011 [14] 65.8 ± 3.5 (36/36) 35 <1 2340 Sham vibration Measured intake <1200 mg per day Measured intake <800 IU 12 7
Stengel et al., 2011 [15] 68.5 ± 3.1 (50/50) 25–35 <1 2340 Conventional training group 1500 mg per day 400 IU per day 18 7
Lai et al.,2013 [13] 69.5 ± 2.25 (14/14) 30 ≥1 468 No treatment None None 6 0
Leung et al.,2014 [21] 73 ± 7.0 (280/316) 35 <1 7200 No treatment None None 18 22.3