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Table 5 Comparison of DS finite element model and in vitro biomechanical spinal mobility (°)

From: Construction and validation of a three-dimensional finite element model of degenerative scoliosis

Group mobility In vitro young group FE model (normal) In vitro old group FE model (degeneration)
Flexion 44.95 ± 8.34 41.34 39.84 ± 6.09 35.41
Extension 23.74 ± 4.63 30.15 21.08 ± 3.85 27.59
Left bending 30.14 ± 5.04 31.42 28.20 ± 5.28 28.01
Right bending   28.81   26.55
Left rotation 23.27 ± 4.10 29.40 21.40 ± 3.46 27.07
Right rotation   31.28   31.86