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Table 1 Ligament load/deformation properties

From: Construction and validation of a three-dimensional finite element model of degenerative scoliosis

Anterior longitudinal ligament Posterior longitudinal ligament Supraspinous ligament Ligamentum flavum Capsular ligament
Deformation force Deformation force Deformation force Deformation force Deformation force
(mm) (N) (mm) (N) (mm) (N) (mm) (N) (mm) (N)
1.4 12 1.0 9.65 1.3 4.2 1.9 6.7 1.8 6.7
2.7 18 2.0 17.15 2.7 6.1 3.9 11 3.9 11
4.1 22.5 3.0 23.76 4.0 7.4 5.8 13.7 5.8 13.7
5.4 27.15 4.0 28.60 5.4 8.2 7.7 15.7 7.7 15.7
6.8 30 5.0 31.60 6.7 8.8 9.7 16.85 9.7 16.85