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Table 2 Joint average positions of syndesmosis on each DOF at the seven poses of stance phase

From: Three-dimensional motions of distal syndesmosis during walking

Lateral(+)/medial(−) translation Average joint motion
 Pose 1 0.22 ± 0.78
 Pose 2 1.34 ± 0.37
 Pose 3 1.62 ± 0.48
 Pose 4 1.41 ± 0.72
 Pose 5 1.20 ± 0.83
 Pose 6 0.45 ± 0.58
 Pose 7 −0.59 ± 0.97
Anterior(+)/posterior(−) translation Average joint motion
 Pose 1 −0.56 ± 1.34
 Pose 2 0.76 ± 1.25
 Pose 3 1.43 ± 1.72
 Pose 4 1.56 ± 1.76
 Pose 5 1.42 ± 1.96
 Pose 6 0.12 ± 1.81
 Pose 7 −1.23 ± 1.81
Superior(+)/inferior(−) translation Average joint motion
 Pose 1 0.65 ± 1.65
 Pose 2 −0.74 ± 1.61
 Pose 3 −0.56 ± 1.53
 Pose 4 −1.32 ± 1.83
 Pose 5 −1.31 ± 2.31
 Pose 6 −0.06 ± 1.72
 Pose 7 0.99 ± 2.17
Dorsi(+)/plantar(−)flexion Average joint motion
 Pose 1 −0.90 ± 1.10
 Pose 2 −0.30 ± 0.61
 Pose 3 0.05 ± 0.63
 Pose 4 0.80 ± 0.76
 Pose 5 0.90 ± 0.70
 Pose 6 0.60 ± 0.86
 Pose 7 −0.24 ± 1.71
Inversion(+)/eversion(−) Average joint motion
 Pose 1 2.75 ± 2.33
 Pose 2 0.21 ± 2.01
 Pose 3 −0.34 ± 2.21
 Pose 4 −0.86 ± 2.38
 Pose 5 −0.72 ± 3.01
 Pose 6 1.51 ± 3.24
 Pose 7  
Internal(+)/external(−) rotation Average joint motion
 Pose 1 0.17 ± 3.63
 Pose 2 −1.71 ± 3.99
 Pose 3 −3.10 ± 3.70
 Pose 4 −3.78 ± 3.68
 Pose 5 −2.71 ± 4.09
 Pose 6 −0.26 ± 3.79
 Pose 7 1.35 ± 4.05