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Table 5 Kyphosis Cobb angle of piglets before and after surgery (°)

From: Study of transpedicular screw fixation on spine development in a piglet model

  Before surgery Right after surgery 3 months after surgery
A group    
 A1 3.4 3.4 10.9
 A2 13.8 13.8 8.5
 A3 6.9 6.9 8.3
B group    
 B1 9.4 9.7 6.9
 B2 11.3 10.5 3.3
 B3 9.7 9.8 1.2
C group    
 C1 2.4 11.9 16.7
 C2 18.1 14.8 9.9
 C3 18.0 21.9 23.0
 C4 17.0 18.9 5.0
D group    
 D1 12.6 0.5 −3.7
 D2 18.6 3.4 −4.2
 D3 15.7 2.7 0.6
 D4 10.5 3.9 −4.3
 D5 17.5 −2.9 −0.7
 D6 9.2 −0.7 −3.8
 D7 9.1 −2.5 6.3
 D8 11.3 10.3 −6.9
 D9 11.3 7.0 −2.1
 D10 18.1 3.7 0.8
  1. All positive values correspond to kyphosis angle. All negative value correspond to lordosis angle