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Table 1 Demographic variables

From: The role of iatrogenic foraminal stenosis from lordotic correction in the development of C5 palsy after posterior laminectomy and fusion

Baseline variable No palsy C5 palsy p value
Age 57.73 ± 11.55 61 ± 8.25 0.27
Race Black 14 (35 %) Black 6 (46 %) 0.36
Hispanic 1 (3 %) Hispanic 0 (0 %)
American Indian 0 (0 %) American Indian 1 (8 %)
Multi-race 1 (3 %) Multi-race 0 (0 %)
White 24 (60 %) White 6 (46 %)
Gender Male 26 (63 %) Male 9 (69 %) 0.96
Female 15 (37 %) Female 4 (31 %)  
BMI 30.5 ± 7.6 30.6 ± 5.8 0.94
Smoker Yes 12 (19 %) Yes 0 (0 %) 0.07
No 29 (81 %) No 13 (100 %)  
Comorbiditiesa 3 (2,5) 4 (3, 6) 0.41
Length of staya 3 (3, 5) 4 (4, 5) 0.13
Diabetes Yes 10 (24 %) Yes 3 (23 %) 1.0
No 31 (76 %) No 10 (77 %)  
  1. aReported as median and interquartile range
  2. BMI body mass index